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General Joseph Martin Reference Document Part 2

acres. (Joseph purchased of Joseph MULLINGS in Henry Co.) on Leatherwood Cr., line George HARISTON'S, Nicholes ASKIN'S, & Thos EGESTONE'S. Witnessed by Michael ASKIN, John ROBERTS, & Wm. GRAVES.

<14> Deed: __ Mar 1806 Susannah GRAVES (17631837); Henry Co., VA, USA; to Brice MARTIN, for 400, land on 4th fork of Leatherwood Creek, lines of Joseph GRAVELEY'S, old order line, Wm MARTIN'S house. (Joseph had purchased of David M. RANDOLPH Sr. partner of Benjamin dec'd.) 600 acres, houses, orchards, etc. Witnesses were Morgan HAPSON, J. MARTIN Jr., & A. HUGHES.

<15> Deed: __ Jul 1806 Henry Co., VA, USA; Joseph MARTIN Jr. for 5sh & natural affection for son, 111 acres (Joseph purchased from Thos STEWERT).

<16> Deed: __ Mar 1807 Henry Co., VA, USA; March 1807, Henry Co., Virginia Joseph MARTIN Sr to Jesse MARTIN [his son] for 5sh, 97 acres on Leatherwood Cr, lines Lomax Company's. (Joseph purchased from Elizabeth DONALDSON & William TUNSTALL).

<17> Deed: __ Dec 1807 Henry Co., VA, USA; William & Mary SHACKELFORD for 25 fishing fork branch of Letherwood Creek, MAGRUDERS, & WILLIAMS. Spanish Lake, State line, EGLETONS, 100 acres. Witnessed by William WMS, Richard GRIFFIN, & John CONWOWAY.

<18> Note: __ ___ 1808 Henry Co., VA, USA; Joseph was described as clinging tenaciously during the last years of his life to the old customs and style of dress buckled shoes, silk stockings, knee breeches and buckles, frock coat, skirted vest and a ruffled stock or neckpiece. He was large over six feet tall, inclined to be overweight, bald and with a full beard which he plaited into braids and tucked inside his shirt collar. He must have presented a singular appearance, even in those days of personal eccentricity, as he made his way about the County. In the summer of 1808 he made a long & fatiguing trip to the west to revisit the scenes of his young manhood, to look after his western lands, and to renew acquaintances with his friends, white and Indian. He returned to Leatherwood in the fall exhausted and sick, became seriously ill (probably from a stroke).

<19> Deed* bt 18081809 Henry Co., VA, USA; May 1808 Joseph MARTIN Sr to General Joseph MARTIN Sr. to Joseph MARTIN Jr. Home place 14,000 acres in Henry Co., Virginia. Home mill, distillery, stock (100 cattle, 100 hogs, 50 sheep, 20 horses) a 10 year lease 1 Jan 1809 for 70 to go to Joseph MARTIN Jr on his death (death of Joseph MARTIN Sr.).

Witness Wm. HALL, James EDWARDS, John EDWARDS. September Joseph MARTIN Sr. of Henry Co. to Joseph MARTIN Jr. for 2,500 negros 30 or more.

<20> Death* 18 Dec 1808 Leatherwood, Henry Co., VA, USA; age 69y of paralysis. Burial* a 18 Dec 1808 Belmont Monte, Leatherwood Cr., Henry Co., VA, USA; Died on the 18 of December 1808 Brigadier General Joseph Martin the 69 year of his age.

Probate: __ ___ 1809 Henry Co., VA, USA; The estate of Genl. Jos. MARTIN an account by Joseph MARTIN administrator 1809, Henry Co., VA. Among other payments we find, at various times payments to ARMSTEAD, paid widow Susanna MARTIN her part of the estate 750.10.0 + for 3 negros 133.6.8, paid Thomas MARTIN for his part as legatee in the estate 225.0.0., paid Rubin HUGHES his part as legatee by intermarriage with Polly 226.17.9., 1813 paid Patt MARTIN his part as legatee 233.12.0, 1814 paid Lewis MARTIN as his part as lagatee 247.0.0, paid Henry EDWARDS in favour of his wife Sarah (WALLER) on a bond given to Genl. Joseph MARTIN dec'd by Brice MARTIN for the benifit of Elizabeth WALLERS children 19.5.0. Account 1817, paid George KING legacy for his wife Susanna 234.4.8. Account 1820 paid Alexander MARTIN his legacy 390.0.0, 1824 paid John C. MARTIN his legacy $1362.75, 1825 paid Jos C WALLER 27.0.0 & Henry Pritcherd who married Martha WALLER 27.00 on bond benifit of Elizabeth WALLER'S children, 1826 paid George W. MARTIN his legacy 405.16.6.

<21> Deed: __ ___ 1809 Henry Co., VA, USA; Ambrose EDWARDS, 362 acres on Leatherwood Creek, Susannah MARTIN can't convently travel to court so must be examined at home.

<22> Probate: __ ___ 1811 Henry Co., VA, USA; dower allotment to Susannah MARTIN widow and relict of Joseph MARTIN deceased in Henry Co., Virginia. 350 acres land it mentions the order line, Leatherwood Creek, including houses, casle mill & still house, farm sencus.

<23> Appraisal* __ Jan 1812 Henry Co., VA, USA; deceased At the house of Joseph MARTIN administrator, negro Tom $500, negro Cuff $500, negro Sall $333.1/3 made by Joseph JONES, Davis KELLY, & Ambrose EDWARDS.

<24> Witness: __ ___ 1820 Heir: Maj. Alexander MARTIN; Henry Co., VA, USA; from estate of father Ge. Joseph Martin 390 lbs.

Court Rec* __ ___ 1840 Henry Co., VA, USA; In 1840 a chancery suit was brought by Martin & others against Martin & others before the superior court of Henry County Virginia. Where John REDD Sr. testifyed that the hand wrighting on the document (not dated & unsigned) will was that of General Joseph MARTIN. It says "In the name of God amen. I Joseph MARTIN Sr. of Henry County, Tennessee ... I contitute this my last will and testament revoking all others. And as I have already given my 1st wifes children their protions of my estae I dispost of the residue of my estate both real & personal in the following mannor. That is to say I give my loving wife Susanna MARTIN the whole of my estate to raise & educate my children on during her widowhood but if she should marry it is my will that my estate be equally divided among my children namely Joseph, Jesse, Thomas, Sally, Patrick, Lewis, Molly, Susannah, Alexander, John C, & George and in order that these children may be dutiful to their mother I leave it at her ? to give them their part of my estate when they marry or come of age or not or any part they may choose and at the death of my wife my will is that my estate be equally divided among my said children I constitute & appoint my beloved wife ? & my son Joseph MARTIN exeuctor of this my last will and testament.

Father* Joseph MARTIN Sr. (17001760)

Mother* Susannah CHILES (17241754) ________________________________________________________________

Marriage* __ ___ 1762 ________________________________________________________________

Spouse* Sarah LUCAS; . William LUCAS born 1722, Orange County Virginia son of William LUCAS. Died Aug 1813, Orange Co., VA. Married Jean born c1730, Orange Co., VA. Children: Sarah LUCAS born c1749/50. died 1782. Married 1762 to Joseph MARTIN Jr. Mary LUCAS born 25 Jul 1752. Married 24 Nov 1771 to Adam Michael EHART. William LUCAS b. c1754. d. bef1813. Married Nancy. Agatha LUCAS b. c1756. d.bef 1813. M. 1776 Thomas FARNEYBOUGH. Zachery LUCAS b. ca1758. M. 31 Jan 1799 Nancy WOOD. Molly LUCAS b. c1760. m. 18 Mar 1794 to Henry MITCHELL. Frances LUCAS b.c1768. m. 12 May 1788 John FERGUSON. Rachel LUCAS b. c1773. m. 7 Aug 1793 Brice MARTIN. Elizabeth LUCAS b. 1775 m. 13 Apr 1795 to John PENCE. Nancy M. Knight, R. R. 1, Chana, IL 61015 NameMarr: MARTIN

Death* __ Mar 1782 Scuffle Hill, Henry Co., VA, USA; of smallpox.

Father* William LUCAS

Mother* Jean (?) ________________________________________________________________

Seven Known Children ________________________________________________________________

?/F Nancy MARTIN NameMarr: HUGHES

Marriage* 13 Jan 1797 Archelaus HUGHES; Patrick Co., VA, USA.

Death* __ ___ 1835 Son: Arch M HUGHES Son: Josh B HUGHES Son: Brice HUGHES Son: William P HUGHES Son: Dr Samuel P HUGHES Daughter: __ ___ ____ Nancy Amanda HUGHES; Williamson Co., TN, USA. ________________________________________________________________ ?/F Martha MARTIN NameMarr: CLEVELAND Marriage* __ ___ ____ William CLEVELAND ________________________________________________________________

?/F Susannah MARTIN

<25>,<26>,<27> NameMarr: BURRUSS Birth* __ ___ 1763 Orange Co., VA, USA.

<28> Marriage* 13 Mar 1781 Jacob BURRUSS (17551832); Henry Co., VA, USA.

<29> Daughter: __ ___ 1805 Matilda BURRUSS Death* 16 Jun 1844 Smith Co., TN, USA; at her brother William's house.

<30> Son: William J BURRUSS Son: Martin BURRUSS Daughter: Sarah BURRUSS Daughter: Elizabeth BURRUSS Daughter: Nancy BURRUSS Daughter: Mary BURRUSS Daughter: Patsy BURRUSS Son: Francis BURRUSS ________________________________________________________________

?/M William MARTIN

<31>,<32>,<33> Birth* 26 Nov 1765 Orange Co., VA, USA.

<34> War* __ ___ 1781 indian expidition.

Residence* bt 17851787 Powells Valley.

Marriage* bt 17901791 Francis FARRISS (17711831); VA, USA.

<35> Moved* __ ___ 1791 Tugalo, SC, USA. Son: 02 Jul 1792 Joseph A MARTIN Daughter: 13 Aug 1794 Betsy MARTIN Son: 08 Dec 1794 George MARTIN Moved: __ ___ 1798 TN, USA. Daughter: __ ___ 1799 Sarah MARTIN; Smith Co., TN, USA.

<36> Son: 15 Oct 1800 Major Brice F MARTIN Son: 06 Nov 1802 Jacob MARTIN Son: 23 Jul 1804 William L MARTIN; Smith Co., TN, USA. Son: 25 Nov 1806 Dr Thomas J MARTIN Son: 23 Dec 1810 William Yandell MARTIN; Smith Co., TN, USA.

War 1812* __ ___ 1812 served.

Probate* __ Apr 1847 Smith Co., TN, USA; 22 Mar 1844 probated Dec 1846, Smith Co., TN, with 3 codicils. Wit. W. ANESSES, B. MARTIN, Jas D. HAMACK, Jas McMURRY, Richard A BRIDGEWATER. Named in the will were Sallie YOUNG of Carroll Co., MS, Wm. L. MARTIN, Brice F. MARTIN, Mary Allen MARTIN Brice's daughter, Wilson Yandell MARTIN, Joseph A MARTIN, & Betsy BROOKS. Also named brother Brice, grandsons Wm YOUNG, Chas. BROOKS & Jacob MARTIN.

<37> Death* 04 Nov 1847 Smith Co., TN, USA; plourisy.

<38> Son: Norval D MARTIN ________________________________________________________________

?/F Elizabeth MARTIN NameMarr: WALLER

Birth* 13 Oct 1768 Orange Co., VA, USA.

Daughter: __ ___ 1797 Sarah Matildia WALLER

Death* 11 Jun 1805 Leatherwood, Henyr Co., VA, USA.

Witness: __ ___ 1809 Probate: Brig Gen Joseph MARTIN Jr; Henry Co., VA, USA; The estate of Genl. Jos. MARTIN an account by Joseph MARTIN administrator 1809, Henry Co., VA. Among other payments we find, at various times payments to ARMSTEAD, paid widow Susanna MARTIN her part of the estate 750.10.0 + for 3 negros 133.6.8, paid Thomas MARTIN for his part as legatee in the estate 225.0.0., paid Rubin HUGHES his part as legatee by intermarriage with Polly 226.17.9., 1813 paid Patt MARTIN his part as legatee 233.12.0, 1814 paid Lewis MARTIN as his part as lagatee 247.0.0, paid Henry EDWARDS in favour of his wife Sarah (WALLER) on a bond given to Genl. Joseph MARTIN dec'd by Brice MARTIN for the benifit of Elizabeth WALLERS children 19.5.0. Account 1817, paid George KING legacy for his wife Susanna 234.4.8. Account 1820 paid Alexander MARTIN his legacy 390.0.0, 1824 paid John C. MARTIN his legacy $1362.75, 1825 paid Jos C WALLER 27.0.0 & Henry Pritcherd who married Martha WALLER 27.00 on bond benifit of Elizabeth WALLER'S children, 1826 paid George W. MARTIN his legacy 405.16.6.

<39> Marriage* __ ___ ____ Carr WALLER (17691843)

Daughter: Martha Myra WALLER

Son: William I WALLER

Son: Joseph G WALLER ________________________________________________________________

?/M Brice MARTIN

Birth* 11 Jun 1770 Pittsylvania Co., VA, USA.

Witness: __ ___ 1809 Probate: Brig Gen Joseph MARTIN Jr; Henry Co., VA, USA; The estate of Genl. Jos. MARTIN an account by Joseph MARTIN administrator 1809, Henry Co., VA. Among other payments we find, at various times payments to ARMSTEAD, paid widow Susanna MARTIN her part of the estate 750.10.0 + for 3 negros 133.6.8, paid Thomas MARTIN for his part as legatee in the estate 225.0.0., paid Rubin HUGHES his part as legatee by intermarriage with Polly 226.17.9., 1813 paid Patt MARTIN his part as legatee 233.12.0, 1814 paid Lewis MARTIN as his part as lagatee 247.0.0, paid Henry EDWARDS in favour of his wife Sarah (WALLER) on a bond given to Genl. Joseph MARTIN dec'd by Brice MARTIN for the benifit of Elizabeth WALLERS children 19.5.0. Account 1817, paid George KING legacy for his wife Susanna 234.4.8. Account 1820 paid Alexander MARTIN his legacy 390.0.0, 1824 paid John C. MARTIN his legacy $1362.75, 1825 paid Jos C WALLER 27.0.0 & Henry Pritcherd who married Martha WALLER 27.00 on bond benifit of Elizabeth WALLER'S children, 1826 paid George W. MARTIN his legacy 405.16.6.

<40> Marriage* __ ___ 1811 Matilda PERKINS ( 1850)

Death* 10 Dec 1856 Wilson Co., TN, USA.

________________________________________________________________

?/F Mary MARTIN NameVar: Polly Birth* __ ___ 1773 Pittsylvania Co., VA, USA. Death* a __ ___ 1850 Wilson Co., TN, USA. Marriage* __ ___ ____ Daniel HAMMOCK ( 1820) ________________________________________________________________

Page 1

Family Group

Subject* __ ___ ____ Brig Gen Joseph MARTIN Jr

<41> NameVar: __ ___ ____ Gulkalu; Indian name meaning tall NameVar: __ ___ ____ Longknife

<42> NameVar: __ ___ 1793 Brig Gen; Joseph MARTIN received the title of Brig. Gen. in 1793 while serving in the 12th Virginia militia. He was appointed by Governor `Light Horse Harry' LEE, in response to a call from the Federal goverment for troops to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvaia. Partly because of mutinies and desertions in the western counties (many of which were in sympathy with the Pennsylvanians) his birgade of Virginia troops arrived at their rendezvous point of Winchester to late to be of service & they were paid off and discharged there

Occupation* __ ___ ____ Brig Gen rank held at the same time in VA & NC.

Anecdote* __ ___ ____ On one of Col. MARTIN'S visits to his home in Henry Co, his wife Susannah (GRAVES) MARTIN complained to him of illtreatment she had received from her brother. Joseph chanced to meed GRAVES later at a gathering of friends, told him of his wife's complaint, and publicly stated that he would overlook the offense this time but would whip him if it happened again. Enraged, GRAVES sent MARTIN a note challenging him to a duel early the next morning. Joseph appeared alone at the place at the appointed time and found GRAVES together with his brother and father waiting there. He pulled the note from his pocket, showed it to GRAVES and asked if he had sent it, and knocked him down with a blow when he admitted doing so, whereupon the two GRAVES boys and their father took to their heels, leaving the field to the Colonel.

Anecdote: __ ___ ____ On one occasion a wounded enemy Indian was tracted to a cave in which he took refuge, armed with a rifle, Joseph entered the cave alone and in the darkness located the Indian, killed him, and brought the body to the surface. Another time, a British agent among the hostile Chicamauga branch of the Cherokees sent a party of 90 warriors out to assassinate Col. MARTIN, one of the group going out ahead to shoot him from ambush if possible. This Indian, after unexpectedly coming facetoface with MARTIN, prudently returned to his companions and gave this report to their leader: "If you want Col. MARTIN killed, go do it yourself. He looks just dreadful." The whole party then returned home. On one of Col. MARTIN'S expeditions against the Chicamauga his provisions ran low. He managed to get word to Nancy WARD, who sent out several beefs under Indian escort. A part of Sevier's troops came across the beefs, pretended they were theirs, and slaughtered them for their own use. Joseph learned of this, drew his sword, rode at the head of his men to the place where Sevier's party was camped, and forceably recovered his beef. When two of his men were imprisoned by a superior officer for some minor offense he took matters into his own hands, rode up with his troops and released them. Apparently no notice was taken of this insubordination but it greatly increased his reputation among his men. "General Joseph MARTIN made an invaluable and little publicized contribution to the cause of the United States during his service on the frontier. It is doubtful if the Revolution could have succeeded without his influence amoung the Cherokees. The British strategy to subdue the Colonies was to land an army in West Flordia, strike north through the Creek, Choctaw, and Cherokee country, recrutiting an army of warriors as they marched, and take Georgia, the Carolinas, and Virginia from the rear, pounding them into submission against a second army of redcoats to be landed simultaeously along the coast. had this strategy succeeded, the south would have been overwhelmed and the war lost to the United States almost as soon as it began. That it failed, and the defeat of the Tories at King's Mountain took place, is due largely to Joseph MARTIN'S ability to persuade the indians, dominant among whom were the Cherokees who were his friends and relatives, not to aid the British cause. his contribution was recognized by his associates and his superiors at the time; it is quite possible that Joseph MARTIN would today be looked onas one of the major heroes of the American Revolution had he operated in a more populous region where his deeds could have become more widely known, rather than on the remote and savage frontier, far from the civilized centers of power and communications.

Birth* 18 Sep 1740 Louisa Co., VA, USA.

Witness: __ ___ 1744 Co. Hist.: Albemarle Co., VA, USA; Joseph's son William in his 1842 letter to DRAPER said that his father was "born in the year 1740 in Albemarle Co., Virginia near Charlottesville." Albemarle Co wasn't formed until 1744 & was formed from Goochland & Louisa Cos.

War: __ ___ 1756 Fort Pitt, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Joseph was reared in a violent area, during violent times, he grew up "overgrown, rude, and ungovernable", a rowdy bullying roughneck who refused to attend school and who ran away from the carpenter to whom he had been apprenticed by his father to learn a trade. He and his friend Thomas SUMTER (of South Carolina fame) some time in 1756/57 made their way through the wilderness to Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and enlisted in the Army.

Witness: bt 17561757 History: Fort Pitt [Pittsburgh], Allegheney Co., PA, USA; Joseph was reared in a violent area, during violent times, he grew up "overgrown, rude, and ungovernable", a rowdy bullying roughneck who refused to attend school and who ran away from the carpenter to whom he had been apprenticed by his father to learn a trade. He and his friend Thomas SUMTER (of South Carolina fame) some time in 1756/57 made their way through the wilderness to Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and enlisted in the Army.

Witness: bt 17601762 Will: Joseph MARTIN Sr.; Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; mentions "Goose Creek Partomack River; a partnership with Col. Francis WARIN of Essex Co., Virginia; the location of Stony Branch; negroes viz: Ben, Sue, Temp, Dinah, Perthenia and Nepton. Named were present wife Ann MARTIN; son Brice MARTIN; son William MARTIN; son Joseph MARTIN; son John MARTIN; son George MARTIN; daughter Susannah MARTIN with no heirs so far, if she dies without heirs land to Susannah Chiles HAMMACK, daughter of John

Carol (Gehrs) Mitchell, 134 Schnauzer Lane, Beaver Falls, PA 15010 724-847-4473 [using The Master Genealogist 3.5, WP8, Eudora]


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Ed Duvall

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