home place, 22 negroes (appr 5 slaves) Exe. Wife, son Thomas, Joseph Anthony.
Court Rec: __ ___ 1791 Henry Co., VA, USA; Mordiaia HORD'S estate in 1791 had a suit against Jos. MARTIN, Henry Co., Virginia.
<73> Member: bt 17911799 Henry Co., VA, USA; (possibly later years also) as the representative from Henry Co. in the General Assembly of Vriginia.
Deed: 31 Oct 1791 Henry Co., VA, USA; from Stark BROWN for £50, 50 acres on north side of Smith River. On 6 Dec 1791 a power of attorney from Brice MARTIN to Joseph MARTN to sell his lands in Russell Co. Powells Valley and to ttransact all his business in Henry Co. in his absence and to pay a judgment by John Wallen of Caroline Co., VA.
Deed: 28 Jan 1792 Henry Co., VA, USA; from William GRAVES for £25 all of his father, William GRAVES Sr. estate which was willed to the said William GRAVES. Should the courts of or his mother Mary GRAVES rule the will unlawfull then the estate to be equally divided between the heirs of his father. <74> Military* __ ___ 1793 received title Brig. Gen while serving in 12th VA militia.
Witness: __ ___ 1794 Purchased: James PARBERRY; Henry Co., VA, USA; 2 slaves Lucy & Peter.
<75> Member: __ ___ 1795 VA, USA; on the Commission to define the VirginiaKentucky border.
Sold* 20 Nov 1796 Thomas GRAVES (17691844); Henry Co., VA, USA; to Joseph Martin 296a.
Note* __ ___ 1804 Henry Co., VA, USA; he withdrew from all public service to return to the new home he had built for his family on Leatherwood Creek.
Member* __ ___ 1804 of a commission to define the VirginiaTennessee border.
Deed: __ Jan 1806 Henry Co., VA, USA; to John PAUL, for £46.7., 66 acres. (Joseph purchased of Joseph MULLINGS in Henry Co.) on Leatherwood Cr., line George HARISTON'S, Nicholes ASKIN'S, & Thos EGESTONE'S. Witnessed by Michael ASKIN, John ROBERTS, & Wm. GRAVES.
<76> Deed: __ Mar 1806 Susannah GRAVES (17631837); Henry Co., VA, USA; to Brice MARTIN, for £400, land on 4th fork of Leatherwood Creek, lines of Joseph GRAVELEY'S, old order line, Wm MARTIN'S house. (Joseph had purchased of David M. RANDOLPH Sr. partner of Benjamin dec'd.) 600 acres, houses, orchards, etc. Witnesses were Morgan HAPSON, J. MARTIN Jr., & A. HUGHES.
<77> Deed: __ Jul 1806 Henry Co., VA, USA; Joseph MARTIN Jr. for 5sh & natural affection for son, 111 acres (Joseph purchased from Thos STEWERT).
<78> Deed: __ Mar 1807 Henry Co., VA, USA; March 1807, Henry Co., Virginia Joseph MARTIN Sr to Jesse MARTIN [his son] for 5sh, 97 acres on Leatherwood Cr, lines Lomax Company's. (Joseph purchased from Elizabeth DONALDSON & William TUNSTALL).
<79> Deed: __ Dec 1807 Henry Co., VA, USA; William & Mary SHACKELFORD for £25 fishing fork branch of Letherwood Creek, MAGRUDERS, & WILLIAMS. Spanish Lake, State line, EGLETONS, 100 acres. Witnessed by William WMS, Richard GRIFFIN, & John CONWOWAY.
<80> Note: __ ___ 1808 Henry Co., VA, USA; Joseph was described as clinging tenaciously during the last years of his life to the old customs and style of dress buckled shoes, silk stockings, knee breeches and buckles, frock coat, skirted vest and a ruffled stock or neckpiece. He was large over six feet tall, inclined to be overweight, bald and with a full beard which he plaited into braids and tucked inside his shirt collar. He must have presented a singular appearance, even in those days of personal eccentricity, as he made his way about the County. In the summer of 1808 he made a long & fatiguing trip to the west to revisit the scenes of his young manhood, to look after his western lands, and to renew acquaintances with his friends, white and Indian. He returned to Leatherwood in the fall exhausted and sick, became seriously ill (probably from a stroke).
<81>Deed* bt 18081809 Henry Co., VA, USA; May 1808 Joseph MARTIN Sr to General Joseph MARTIN Sr. to Joseph MARTIN Jr. Home place 14,000 acres in Henry Co., Virginia. Home mill, distillery, stock (100 cattle, 100 hogs, 50 sheep, 20 horses) a 10 year lease 1 Jan 1809 for £70 to go to Joseph MARTIN Jr on his death (death of Joseph MARTIN Sr.). Witness Wm. HALL, James EDWARDS, John EDWARDS. September Joseph MARTIN Sr. of Henry Co. to Joseph MARTIN Jr. for £2,500 negros 30 or more.
<82> Death* 18 Dec 1808 Leatherwood, Henry Co., VA, USA; age 69y of paralysis.
Burial* a 18 Dec 1808 Belmont Monte, Leatherwood Cr., Henry Co., VA, USA; Died on the 18 of December 1808 Brigadier General Joseph Martin the 69 year of his age.
Probate: __ ___ 1809 Henry Co., VA, USA; The estate of Genl. Jos. MARTIN an account by Joseph MARTIN administrator 1809, Henry Co., VA. Among other payments we find, at various times payments to ARMSTEAD, paid widow Susanna MARTIN her part of the estate £750.10.0 + for 3 negros £133.6.8, paid Thomas MARTIN for his part as legatee in the estate £225.0.0., paid Rubin HUGHES his part as legatee by intermarriage with Polly £226.17.9., 1813 paid Patt MARTIN his part as legatee £233.12.0, 1814 paid Lewis MARTIN as his part as lagatee £247.0.0, paid Henry EDWARDS in favour of his wife Sarah (WALLER) on a bond given to Genl. Joseph MARTIN dec'd by Brice MARTIN for the benifit of Elizabeth WALLERS children £19.5.0. Account 1817, paid George KING legacy for his wife Susanna £234.4.8. Account 1820 paid Alexander MARTIN his legacy £390.0.0, 1824 paid John C. MARTIN his legacy $1362.75, 1825 paid Jos C WALLER £27.0.0 & Henry Pritcherd who married Martha WALLER £27.00 on bond benifit of Elizabeth WALLER'S children, 1826 paid George W. MARTIN his legacy £405.16.6.
<83> Deed: __ ___ 1809 Henry Co., VA, USA; Ambrose EDWARDS, 362 acres on Leatherwood Creek, Susannah MARTIN can't convently travel to court so must be examined at home.
<84> Probate: __ ___ 1811 Henry Co., VA, USA; dower allotment to Susannah MARTIN widow and relict of Joseph MARTIN deceased in Henry Co., Virginia. 350 acres land it mentions the order line, Leatherwood Creek, including houses, casle mill & still house, farm sencus.
<85> Appraisal* __ Jan 1812 Henry Co., VA, USA; deceased At the house of Joseph MARTIN administrator, negro Tom $500, negro Cuff $500, negro Sall $333.1/3 made by Joseph JONES, Davis KELLY, & Ambrose EDWARDS.
<86> Witness: __ ___ 1820 Heir: Maj. Alexander MARTIN; Henry Co., VA, USA; from estate of father Ge. Joseph Martin 390 lbs. Court Rec* __ ___ 1840 Henry Co., VA, USA; In 1840 a chancery suit was brought by Martin & others against Martin & others before the superior court of Henry County Virginia. Where John REDD Sr. testifyed that the hand wrighting on the document (not dated & unsigned) will was that of General Joseph MARTIN. It says "In the name of God amen. I Joseph MARTIN Sr. of Henry County, Tennessee ... I contitute this my last will and testament revoking all others. And as I have already given my 1st wifes children their protions of my estae I dispost of the residue of my estate both real & personal in the following mannor. That is to say I give my loving wife Susanna MARTIN the whole of my estate to raise & educate my children on during her widowhood but if she should marry it is my will that my estate be equally divided among my children namely Joseph, Jesse, Thomas, Sally, Patrick, Lewis, Molly, Susannah, Alexander, John C, & George and in order that these children may be dutiful to their mother I leave it at her ? to give them their part of my estate when they marry or come of age or not or any part they may choose and at the death of my wife my will is that my estate be equally divided among my said children I constitute & appoint my beloved wife ? & my son Joseph MARTIN exeuctor of this my last will and testament.
Father* Joseph MARTIN Sr. (17001760)
Mother* Susannah CHILES (17241754)
Marriage: a __ ___ 1780
Spouse* Susannah EMORY NameMarr: STUART NameMarr: FIELDS NameMarr: MARTIN Birth* __ ___ ____ TN, USA. Note* __ ___ ____ 1/4 cherokee Indian. Marriage* __ ___ ____ John STUART Marriage* __ ___ ____ Richard FIELDS Death* __ ___ ____ VA, USA. Father* William EMORY Mother* Mary GRANT
Three Known Children ________________________________________________________________
?/F Nannie MARTIN
NameMarr: LYNCH NameVar: Nannie
<89>Marriage* __ ___ ____ Jeter LYNCH ________________________________________________________________
?/F Rachel Sabra MARTIN NameMarr: DAVIS NameMarr: NEWELL Marriage* __ ___ ____ Daniel DAVIS (17851866) Marriage* __ ___ ____ John NEWELL ________________________________________________________________
?/M John MARTIN
Occupation* __ ___ ____ 1837 memb Cherokee Constitutional Convention, 1st Treasurer & 1st Chief Justice of the Cheroke Nation.
Biography* __ ___ ____ John MARTIN Judge was born on 20 OCT 1781 in Martinsville, Henry, VA. He died on 17 OCT 1840 in Fort Gibson, Illinois, IT, CN. He was buried after 17 OCT 1840 in Fort Gibson, Muskogee, OK. His grave and tomb is the only one located on the lot maintained by the Oklahoma Historical Society, which was donated to them by Jesse B. Milam, who was the principal chief of the Cherokees from 1941 until his death in 1949. John was 1/8 Cherokee Indian blood. His wives, Nellie and Lucy, were halfbreeds and sisters. He built each one of his wives a nice large home. One for his first wife, Lucy McDaniel, beside the Salquary River in Murphy County, Georgia. The home for his second wife, Eleanor Nellie McDaniel who was the sister of Lucy, fifteen miles away beside the Coosawatee River in Murphy County, Georgia. He lived with both wives and had a large family by each one. John Martin was elected 12 November 1835 as one of the Commissioners to "lay off" the town of New Echota, Capitol of the Cherokee Nation, East. He was a signer of the treaties of 8 July 1817 and 27 February 1819. In 1819 he was elected the first Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. He was elected the first Supreme Judge (Chief Justice) of the Cherokee Nation in 1821 . Birth* 20 Oct 1781
<90> Daughter: c __ ___ 1808 Amelia MARTIN; Murray Co., GA, USA.
Marriage* c __ ___ 1810 Eleanor MCDANIEL (17931849); his 2nd.
Daughter: __ ___ 1815 Susannah MARTIN
Daughter: 07 Apr 1815 Martha MARTIN; Murray Co., GA, USA.
Daughter: 16 Mar 1816 Jennie MARTIN
Daughter: __ ___ 1817 Eliza MARTIN
Son: 20 Aug 1820 Joseph Lynch MARTIN
Child: 27 Apr 1824 Cicero Holt MARTIN; Murray Co., GA, USA.
Son: c __ ___ 1826 Gabriel MARTIN
Son: c __ ___ 1827 Richard Fields MARTIN
Son: 05 Nov 1830 Brice MARTIN
Daughter: c __ ___ 1832 Ellen MARTIN
Burial* __ ___ 1840 Fort Gibson, OK, USA.
Death* 20 Oct 1840 Fort Gibson, IL Dist, Cherokee Nation; or 17th.
<91> Marriage* __ ___ ____ Lucy MCDANIEL; his 1st. Daughter: Annie MARTIN
Daughter: Charlotte MARTIN
Son: John MARTIN
Daughter: Nancy MARTIN
Daughter: Rachel MARTIN ________________________________________________________________
Subject* __ ___ ____ Brig Gen Joseph MARTIN Jr
<92> NameVar: __ ___ ____ Gulkalu; Indian name meaning tall NameVar: __ ___ ____ Longknife
<93> NameVar: __ ___ 1793 Brig Gen; Joseph MARTIN received the title of Brig. Gen. in 1793 while serving in the 12th Virginia militia. He was appointed by Governor `Light Horse Harry' LEE, in response to a call from the Federal goverment for troops to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvaia. Partly because of mutinies and desertions in the western counties (many of which were in sympathy with the Pennsylvanians) his birgade of Virginia troops arrived at their rendezvous point of Winchester to late to be of service & they were paid off and discharged there
Occupation* __ ___ ____ Brig Gen rank held at the same time in VA & NC.
Anecdote* __ ___ ____ On one of Col. MARTIN'S visits to his home in Henry Co, his wife Susannah (GRAVES) MARTIN complained to him of illtreatment she had received from her brother. Joseph chanced to meed GRAVES later at a gathering of friends, told him of his wife's complaint, and publicly stated that he would overlook the offense this time but would whip him if it happened again. Enraged, GRAVES sent MARTIN a note challenging him to a duel early the next morning. Joseph appeared alone at the place at the appointed time and found GRAVES together with his brother and father waiting there. He pulled the note from his pocket, showed it to GRAVES and asked if he had sent it, and knocked him down with a blow when he admitted doing so, whereupon the two GRAVES boys and their father took to their heels, leaving the field to the Colonel.
Anecdote: __ ___ ____ On one occasion a wounded enemy Indian was tracted to a cave in which he took refuge, armed with a rifle, Joseph entered the cave alone and in the darkness located the Indian, killed him, and brought the body to the surface. Another time, a British agent among the hostile Chicamauga branch of the Cherokees sent a party of 90 warriors out to assassinate Col. MARTIN, one of the group going out ahead to shoot him from ambush if possible. This Indian, after unexpectedly coming facetoface with MARTIN, prudently returned to his companions and gave this report to their leader: "If you want Col. MARTIN killed, go do it yourself. He looks just dreadful." The whole party then returned home. On one of Col. MARTIN'S expeditions against the Chicamauga his provisions ran low. He managed to get word to Nancy WARD, who sent out several beefs under Indian escort. A part of Sevier's troops came across the beefs, pretended they were theirs, and slaughtered them for their own use. Joseph learned of this, drew his sword, rode at the head of his men to the place where Sevier's party was camped, and forceably recovered his beef. When two of his men were imprisoned by a superior officer for some minor offense he took matters into his own hands, rode up with his troops and released them. Apparently no notice was taken of this insubordination but it greatly increased his reputation among his men. "General Joseph MARTIN made an invaluable and little publicized contribution to the cause of the United States during his service on the frontier. It is doubtful if the Revolution could have succeeded without his influence amoung the Cherokees. The British strategy to subdue the Colonies was to land an army in West Flordia, strike north through the Creek, Choctaw, and Cherokee country, recrutiting an army of warriors as they marched, and take Georgia, the Carolinas, and Virginia from the rear, pounding them into submission against a second army of redcoats to be landed simultaeously along the coast. had this strategy succeeded, the south would have been overwhelmed and the war lost to the United States almost as soon as it began. That it failed, and the defeat of the Tories at King's Mountain took place, is due largely to Joseph MARTIN'S ability to persuade the indians, dominant among whom were the Cherokees who were his friends and relatives, not to aid the British cause. his contribution was recognized by his associates and his superiors at the time; it is quite possible that Joseph MARTIN would today be looked onas one of the major heroes of the American Revolution had he operated in a more populous region where his deeds could have become more widely known, rather than on the remote and savage frontier, far from the civilized centers of power and communications.
Birth* 18 Sep 1740 Louisa Co., VA, USA.
Witness: __ ___ 1744 Co. Hist.: Albemarle Co., VA, USA; Joseph's son William in his 1842 letter to DRAPER said that his father was "born in the year 1740 in Albemarle Co., Virginia near Charlottesville." Albemarle Co wasn't formed until 1744 & was formed from Goochland & Louisa Cos.
War: __ ___ 1756 Fort Pitt, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Joseph was reared in a violent area, during violent times, he grew up "overgrown, rude, and ungovernable", a rowdy bullying roughneck who refused to attend school and who ran away from the carpenter to whom he had been apprenticed by his father to learn a trade. He and his friend Thomas SUMTER (of South Carolina fame) some time in 1756/57 made their way through the wilderness to Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and enlisted in the Army.
Witness: bt 17561757 History: Fort Pitt [Pittsburgh], Allegheney Co., PA, USA; Joseph was reared in a violent area, during violent times, he grew up "overgrown, rude, and ungovernable", a rowdy bullying roughneck who refused to attend school and who ran away from the carpenter to whom he had been apprenticed by his father to learn a trade. He and his friend Thomas SUMTER (of South Carolina fame) some time in 1756/57 made their way through the wilderness to Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and enlisted in the Army.
Witness: bt 17601762 Will: Joseph MARTIN Sr.; Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; mentions "Goose Creek Partomack River; a partnership with Col. Francis WARIN of Essex Co., Virginia; the location of Stony Branch; negroes viz: Ben, Sue, Temp, Dinah, Perthenia and Nepton. Named were present wife Ann MARTIN; son Brice MARTIN; son William MARTIN; son Joseph MARTIN; son John MARTIN; son George MARTIN; daughter Susannah MARTIN with no heirs so far, if she dies without heirs land to Susannah Chiles HAMMACK, daughter of John HAMMACK; daughter Mary HAMMACK; daughter Sarah BURROS; daughter Martha MARTIN; daughter Ann MARTIN; and daughter Olive MARTIN. Executors were Isaac DAVIS and Thomas BURROS.
<94> Marriage* __ ___ 1762 Sarah LUCAS ( 1782)
Residence: __ ___ 1762 Orange Co., VA, USA.
Anecdote: __ ___ 1762 In the early years Joseph MARTIN gambled away his father's inheritance and went into debt. His restless spirit could not be patient at the plow. His son, William, said he had "no talents for speaking or writing." His recognition was with the military where he was an excellent Indian agent. One of his friends in wild younger days was Benjamin CLEVELAND Joseph finally paid off all his debts and worked for 3 years as overseer for a "rich relation named MINOR."
Anecdote: a __ ___ 1762 He settled down as a farmer there. However, his boisterous way of life continued, and he neglected his farming to indulge a passion he had developed for gambling at cards, he lost his inheritance & fell into debt. Shortly after the French & Indian War he became acquainted with Elisha WALDEN, Will BLEVENS & John COX all `Long Hunters', this chance meeting changed his life. Their accounts of the wild and unexplored country aroused the adventurer in Joseph & their reports of profits to be made in the fur trade offered him a chance to recover from debt. He joined with WALDEN and became a `Long Hunter'. The long hunters, in small groups of three & four men would set out in the fall of the year to their favorite hunting grounds (locations concealed) 100 miles or more beyond the settlements. They took with them packhorses, traps, guns, powder, lead, bulletmolds, tools and afew repair parts for their weapons, and a small supply of flower and parched wheat or `rockahominy'." At the hunting ground they established camps, which they shifted every few weeks as the game became shy, staked out their trap lines, and remained in the wilderness until spring, when they returned to the settlements with theri pack horses loaded with deer skins and fur pelts of beaver, mink, otter, raccoon,
Carol (Gehrs) Mitchell, 134 Schnauzer Lane, Beaver Falls, PA 15010
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