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Martin Family Reference Document

Provided By: Carol Mitchell email carolmit@usaor.net

This information is presented for the use of other researchers, not as the absolute facts but as the current understanding by those compiling these records. Any and all communications regarding these data are welcome.

Subject* Joseph MARTIN Sr.

<1> Note* __ ___ ____ A letter written 1 June 1842 by William MARTIN, Dixon Springs, Smith Co., Tennessee to Lyman DRAPER said "...[he] was an Englishman, born and raised in the city of Bristol, named Joseph MARTIN, the youngest of three children (two sons & a dau.) of a wealthy merchant of that city, engaged in the American trade. William fitted off his said son Joseph when young as supercargo to Virginia, in order to prevent an undesirable English marriage, in a vessel called the `Brice'. Afterwards he named one of his sons Brice in memory of this ship; and the name has been prepetuated in the family from then until now, and it has spread considerably among our friends. He, my grandfather, was a perfect Englishman. Large and athletic, bold, daring, selfwilled, and supercilious, with the highest sense of honor. In Virginia he married Susannah CHILES, daughter of ____ CHILES, a respectable and wealthy farmer of that state. With this his father's English pride became so offended (as they the English, considered the Colonists as inferior degraded set) that he determined to disinherit him; which he finally did. My grandfather never returned to England, but settled in Albemarle Co., where he raised eleven children five sons and six daughters, all of unusually large stature..." "He lived to a good old age and died about 1760, leaving a pretty good estate. My grandmother was one of the best of woman kind her parents of English descent." "After the death of Joseph's father his brother and sister in England showe the quality of the stock by offering to divide the paternal estate with him. The distance separating them, however, and accidents of the sea, prevented his participation in the family fortune."

Note: __ ___ ____ No deeds were found for Martin in Goochland Co VA or Albemarle Co., VA.

Birth* bt 17001712 Bristol, ENG.

<2>,<3> Emigration* c __ ___ 1732 Ship Brice, VA, USA; from Bristol, England. Purchased: 03 Nov 1732 Fredericksville Parish, VA, USA; from Thomas Carr 13A pt. 1,626a 1st Fort of Pitties Cr/Turkey Runn.

<4> Juror* __ ___ 1733 Caroline Co., VA, USA.

<5> Court Rec* __ ___ 1733 Caroline Co., VA, USA; In 1733 Caroline Co., Virginia we find Joseph proved a power of attorney for Thomas CARR and a deed for Mary CARR.

<6> Possessor* __ ___ 1733 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; & Ambrose Smith ordered to procession all the land of the north side of Turkey Run between the mountains & north River & Orange co. line.

<7> Deed* __ ___ 1733 Capt. William CARR Gentl. (17071760); power of atty from Mary Carr to consent to a deed L & R from Thos Carr Gent, VA, USA. Juror: __ ___ 1734 Caroline Co., VA, USA; Grand Jurory.

<8> Juror: __ ___ 1737 Caroline Co., VA, USA.

<9> Sold* 22 Jan 1744 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; to Ambrose Joshua Smith for 350 lbs tob. 13a 1st fork of Pritties Cr/Turkey Run pt. of 1,626a sold to Martin by Thomas Carr dec'd of Caroline Co.

<10> Sold: 22 Jan 1744 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; to Charles Smith for 10 lbs 200a W side of little mountains, lines William Carr & Timothy Dalton.

<11> Purchased* 12 Nov 1744 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; from Michael Holland for 12 lbs 400a, w side of little mountains, Timothy Daltons, corner granted 5 Dec 1740.

<12> Patent* __ ___ 1745 Albemarle Co., VA, USA; over 1400a on Priddy's Cr. & 800a Piney Pun.

<13> Grant* __ ___ 1745 Albemarle Co., VA, USA; Captain Joseph MARTIN, as he was called in the patents, in the year, 1745, when Albermarle Co. was organized he obtained grants there of 1,420 acres on north side of the north branch of the north fork of James River on both sides of Piddy's Creek, 400 acres on branches of Rockey Creek, and 400 acres on branch of Piney Run.

<14> Sold: 25 Jan 1745 Louisa Co., VA, USA; to William hale for 800 lbs tob 100a on both sides of Turkey Run on W side of Little Mountains. Wit. by A J Smith, John Cook, Joseph keatton.

<15> Witness* __ ___ 1747 Louisa Co., VA, USA; a deed between Thomas Collings & John Dowell. Possessor: __ ___ 1747 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; with Benjamin Hensley all lands between Turkey Run & Wolf Trap Branch from the River to the mountains.

<16> Purchased: 20 Nov 1749 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; from John Carr, John & Agnes Waller Jr, John & Sarah Minor Esors of will of Thomas Carr late of Caroline Co. Gent 30 lbs. 400a back of Chestnut mountain, gr. Carr 28 Sep 1731. Wit. Thos Lipscomb, james Overton, & John Hill.

<17> Sold: 27 Aug 1750 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; to Stephen ENGLISH, for 5, 50 acres pt. of 100 acres, bounded by Benj. HENSLEE, Richard HAMMACK, & Stephen ENGLISH. Witnessed by Geo. MARTIN, James HENSLEE, & Benj. HENSLEE.

<18> Deed* __ Oct 1750 Louisa Co., VA, USA; Andrew RAYE, William KETTON, & Christopher HARRIS, did meet MARTIN on 800 acres on branches of Rockey Creek & Piney Run in and did view the following improvments, 6 negroes, 1 dwelling house, fence, ground and apple trees. Total 500. On the land in the fork of Piney Run 6 negroes, 1 dwelling house, 3 rifle guns, 4 smooth guns. Total 469.

<19> Court Rec: bt 17511751 Caroline Co., VA, USA; showes Richard DURRET, Henry GAINES, John DALLETT and Joseph MARTIN making an appraisel for the estate of Roger QUARLES that lies in Louisa Co., Virginia. On 12 July 1751 Jos MARTIN, Gent. & Richard DURRETT, et al appraised estate above.

<20> Possessor: __ ___ 1752 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; & John HAMMOCK do processeon all the land between wolf trap branch & Albemarle line from the river to the mountains.

<21> Marriage* 28 Jun 1754 Ann PULLIAM (1702 )

Bond* 28 Jun 1754 Spottsylvania Co., VA, USA; & Jos PULLIAM of Louisa Co. to James, William, David and John SANDIGE and Anthony GHOLSHON, bond 300 curr. "Joseph MARTIN is now going to be married to Ann SANDIGE." Witnessed by John SEMPLE.

<22> Sold* 20 Jul 1754 Ann PULLIAM (1702 ); Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; to George MARTIN, "his son" part of 626 acres acknowledged by deed to said Joseph MARTIN from Thos. CARR, late of Caroline Co., Gent. dec'd. 3 November 1742. Witnessed by John DICKENSON and Mordicia HORD.

<23> Witness: 04 Nov 1754 Deed: Ann PULLIAM; Spottsylvania Co., VA, USA; wife of Joseph MARTIN of Louisa Co. Whereas Wm. SANDIGE, late of Spots. Co. dec'd., was seized of several tracts of land in Spots. Co., and made his last will and testament, 11 Mar 1746, and by the said instrument did leave to the said Ann, party to these presents, then his wife, three negroes, etc., and the balance of his property to be divided between the said Ann, and his three sons, James, David, and John, etc. and his daughter Mary wife of Anthony GOLSON Jr. Witnessed by Z. LEWIS, George ATKINSON, & Robert GREGORY.

<24> Sold: __ ___ 1755 Spottsylvania Co., VA, USA; of Louisa Co & Anne his wife late wife of William SANDIGE, late of Spotsylvania Co., dec'd. to Francis MERIWETHER of Spotsylvania Co., Gent. 1/3 part of a tract of 150 acres called `Elk Neck' in Spotsylvania Co. purchased by Wm. SANDIGE in his lifetime of John DAVIS of King Wm. Co. and by sd. William devised to his son, William, who sold it to the sd. MERIWETHER. Witnessed by Benja. HOLLODAY.

<25> Sold: 15 Mar 1757 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; to John DAVIS, for 10 shillings, 50 acres on North side of Turkey Run, joining Samuel MUNDAY, John DOWELL and William HALL, ipart of 626 acres originally by deed from Thomas CARR late of Caroline Co. Gent, Dec'd. 3 Nov 1742. Witnessed by Ben BROWN, Jno McCAULEY, Daniel FARGUSON, and John CLARK.

<26> Sold: 23 Apr 1757 Ann PULLIAM (1702 ); Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co. [Albemarle], VA, USA; to Samuel MUNDAY, for 10, 150 acres, lines John DOWELL, William HOWELL to Turkey Run. Witnessed by Daniel FARGESON, John McCAULY, and John DOWEL.

<27> Sold: 26 Jun 1758 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co. [Albemarle], VA, USA; to Thomas BURRUS for 40, 350 acres on North side of the Little Mountains, lines John HAMMACK, GRAVES, & BROCKMAN. Wit. Geo. MARTIN, John HAMMACK, & David WATTS.

<28> Death* bt 17601762 Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle Co., VA, USA.

<29> Will* bt 17601762 Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; mentions "Goose Creek Partomack River; a partnership with Col. Francis WARIN of Essex Co., Virginia; the location of Stony Branch; negroes viz: Ben, Sue, Temp, Dinah, Perthenia and Nepton. Named were present wife Ann MARTIN; son Brice MARTIN; son William MARTIN; son Joseph MARTIN; son John MARTIN; son George MARTIN; daughter Susannah MARTIN with no heirs so far, if she dies without heirs land to Susannah Chiles HAMMACK, daughter of John HAMMACK; daughter Mary HAMMACK; daughter Sarah BURROS; daughter Martha MARTIN; daughter Ann MARTIN; and daughter Olive MARTIN. Executors were Isaac DAVIS and Thomas BURROS.

<30> Witness: __ ___ 1761 Co. Hist.: Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co. [Albemarle], VA, USA; Albemarle Co., Virginia. Joseph MARTIN lived in Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., Virginia where he signed his will. This was at that time the extreme southwest corner of that county. In 1761, after he signed his will and before it was proved, Fredericksville Parish beyond the present LouisaAlbemarle county line was cut off and added to Albemarle Co up to the Rivanna River. Fredericksville parish didn't become part of Albemarle Co. until after Joseph died.

Witness: bt 17741774 Will: John CHILES Jr.; Louisa Co, VA, USA; to wife Sarah, Jane & Mary dau. of John & Jane Wright, William son Joseph & Susannah Martin neice Olive Edwards dau of Joseph & Susannah Martin. Exers wife & John Poindexter. Wit. Peter McKalaster & Susan Haley.

<31> Father* William MARTIN (16751765) Mother* ________________________________________________________________

Deed* bt 17321740 Caroline Co., VA, USA; In 1733 Caroline Co., Virginia we find Joseph acknowledged his deeds of lease & release of land indebted to John BIBB.

<32> Marriage* c __ ___ 1733

Sold* 12 Oct 1739 Caroline Co., VA, USA; toJacob BURRUS. "It is ordered a commission issued to justices of Hanover Co. for the privy examination of Susannah MARTIN wife of Joseph MARTIN. ________________________________________________________________

Spouse* Susannah CHILES NameMarr: MARTIN Birth* c __ ___ 1724 Death* c 18 Jun 1754 VA, USA; Hannover/Louisa Co.

<33> Father* John CHILES Gent. (16691723) Mother* ________________________________________________________________

Eleven Known Children ________________________________________________________________

1/M Brice MARTIN Birth* __ ___ 1738 wife Ann MARTIN; son Brice MARTIN; son William MARTIN; son Joseph MARTIN; son John MARTIN; son George MARTIN; daughter Susannah MARTIN with no heirs so far, if she dies without heirs land to Susannah Chiles HAMMACK, daughter of John HAMMACK; daughter Mary HAMMACK; daughter Sarah BURROS; daughter Martha MARTIN; daughter Ann MARTIN; and daughter Olive MARTIN. Executors were Isaac DAVIS and Thomas BURROS.

<34> Marriage* 07 Aug 1793 Rachel LUCAS; Orange Co., VA, USA; maybe mar. 2 Ch. ________________________________________________________________

2/M Capt William MARTIN Birth* bt 17381742

<35> Witness: bt 17601762 Will: Joseph MARTIN Sr.; Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co., VA, USA; mentions "Goose Creek Partomack River; a partnership with Col. Francis WARIN of Essex Co., Virginia; the location of Stony Branch; negroes viz: Ben, Sue, Temp, Dinah, Perthenia and Nepton. Named were present wife Ann MARTIN; son Brice MARTIN; son William MARTIN; son Joseph MARTIN; son John MARTIN; son George MARTIN; daughter Susannah MARTIN with no heirs so far, if she dies without heirs land to Susannah Chiles HAMMACK, daughter of John HAMMACK; daughter Mary HAMMACK; daughter Sarah BURROS; daughter Martha MARTIN; daughter Ann MARTIN; and daughter Olive MARTIN. Executors were Isaac DAVIS and Thomas BURROS.

<36> Daughter: c __ ___ 1771 Nancy MARTIN Witness: bt 17741774 Will: John CHILES Jr.; Louisa Co, VA, USA; to wife Sarah, Jane & Mary dau. of John & Jane Wright, William son Joseph & Susannah Martin neice Olive Edwards dau of Joseph & Susannah Martin. Exers wife & John Poindexter. Wit. Peter McKalaster & Susan Haley.

<37> Daughter: __ ___ 1777 Sarah MARTIN; Albemarle Co., VA, USA. Son: c __ ___ 1781 William MARTIN Death* bt 18081809 Stokes Co., NC, USA.

<38> Burial* bt 18081809 Hughsville, Patrick Co., VA, USA.

Will* __ Mar 1808 Stokes Co., NC, USA; mentions nancy Fulkison, Sally Hughes, Susannah Childers martin, jincy Clark, & Polly Moore. Exec. William Martin, Samuel Martin, & William Moore. Wit. Peter Scales, Richard Mills, & Joseph Scales.

Marriage* __ ___ ____ Rachel DALTON (17461836), daughter of Samuel DALTON Sr. and Ann (?) Daughter: Susannah Childres MARTIN Daughter: Virginia O MARTIN Daughter: Mary MARTIN Son: Samuel MARTIN ________________________________________________________________

3/M Brig Gen Joseph MARTIN Jr

<39> NameVar: Gulkalu; Indian name meaning tall NameVar: Brig Gen; Joseph MARTIN received the title of Brig. Gen. in 1793 while serving in the 12th Virginia militia. He was appointed by Governor `Light Horse Harry' LEE, in response to a call from the Federal goverment for troops to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvaia. Partly because of mutinies and desertions in the western counties (many of which were in sympathy with the Pennsylvanians) his birgade of Virginia troops arrived at their rendezvous point of Winchester to late to be of service & they were paid off and discharged there

Occupation* __ ___ ____ Brig Gen rank held at the same time in VA & NC.

Anecdote* __ ___ ____ On one of Col. MARTIN'S visits to his home in Henry Co, his wife Susannah (GRAVES) MARTIN complained to him of illtreatment she had received from her brother. Joseph chanced to meed GRAVES later at a gathering of friends, told him of his wife's complaint, and publicly stated that he would overlook the offense this time but would whip him if it happened again. Enraged, GRAVES sent MARTIN a note challenging him to a duel early the next morning. Joseph appeared alone at the place at the appointed time and found GRAVES together with his brother and father waiting there. He pulled the note from his pocket, showed it to GRAVES and asked if he had sent it, and knocked him down with a blow when he admitted doing so, whereupon the two GRAVES boys and their father took to their heels, leaving the field to the Colonel. Anecdote: __ ___ ____ On one occasion a wounded enemy Indian was tracted to a cave in which he took refuge, armed with a rifle, Joseph entered the cave alone and in the darkness located the Indian, killed him, and brought the body to the surface. Another time, a British agent among the hostile Chicamauga branch of the Cherokees sent a party of 90 warriors out to assassinate Col. MARTIN, one of the group going out ahead to shoot him from ambush if possible. This Indian, after unexpectedly coming facetoface with MARTIN, prudently returned to his companions and gave this report to their leader: "If you want Col. MARTIN killed, go do it yourself. He looks just dreadful." The whole party then returned home. On one of Col. MARTIN'S expeditions against the Chicamauga his provisions ran low. He managed to get word to Nancy WARD, who sent out several beefs under Indian escort. A part of Sevier's troops came across the beefs, pretended they were theirs, and slaughtered them for their own use. Joseph learned of this, drew his sword, rode at the head of his men to the place where Sevier's party was camped, and forceably recovered his beef. When two of his men were imprisoned by a superior officer for some minor offense he took matters into his own hands, rode up with his troops and released them. Apparently no notice was taken of this insubordination but it greatly increased his reputation among his men. "General Joseph MARTIN made an invaluable and little publicized contribution to the cause of the United States during his service on the frontier. It is doubtful if the Revolution could have succeeded without his influence amoung the Cherokees. The British strategy to subdue the Colonies was to land an army in West Flordia, strike north through the Creek, Choctaw, and Cherokee country, recrutiting an army of warriors as they marched, and take Georgia, the Carolinas, and Virginia from the rear, pounding them into submission against a second army of redcoats to be landed simultaeously along the coast. had this strategy succeeded, the south would have been overwhelmed and the war lost to the United States almost as soon as it began. That it failed, and the defeat of the Tories at King's Mountain took place, is due largely to Joseph MARTIN'S ability to persuade the indians, dominant among whom were the Cherokees who were his friends and relatives, not to aid the British cause. his contribution was recognized by his associates and his superiors at the time; it is quite possible that Joseph MARTIN would today be looked onas one of the major heroes of the American Revolution had he operated in a more populous region where his deeds could have become more widely known, rather than on the remote and savage frontier, far from the civilized centers of power and communications.

Birth* 18 Sep 1740 Louisa Co., VA, USA. Witness: __ ___ 1744 Co. Hist.: Albemarle Co., VA, USA; Joseph's son William in his 1842 letter to DRAPER said that his father was "born in the year 1740 in Albemarle Co., Virginia near Charlottesville." Albemarle Co wasn't formed until 1744 & was formed from Goochland & Louisa Cos. War: __ ___ 1756 Fort Pitt, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Joseph was reared in a violent area, during violent times, he grew up "overgrown, rude, and ungovernable", a rowdy bullying roughneck who refused to attend school and who ran away from the carpenter to whom he had been apprenticed by his father to learn a trade. He and his friend Thomas SUMTER (of South Carolina fame) some time in 1756/57 made their way through the wilderness to Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and enlisted in the Army. Witness: bt 17561757 History: Fort Pitt [Pittsburgh], Allegheney Co., PA, USA; Joseph was reared in a violent area, during violent times, he grew up "overgrown, rude, and ungovernable", a rowdy bullying roughneck who refused to attend school and who ran away from the carpenter to whom he had been apprenticed by his father to learn a trade. He and his friend Thomas SUMTER (of South Carolina fame) some time in 1756/57 made their way through the wilderness to Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and enlisted in the Army. Ann MARTIN; and daughter Olive MARTIN. Executors were Isaac DAVIS and Thomas BURROS.

<40> Marriage* __ ___ 1762 Sarah LUCAS ( 1782), daughter of William LUCAS and Jean (?)


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